Papers Title Authors

A Class Library for the Integration of NLP Tools: Definition and implementation of an Abstract Data Type Collection for the manipulation of SGML documents in a context of stand-off linguistic annotation

X. Artola, A. Díaz de Ilarraza, N. Ezeiza, K. Gojenola, G. Hernández, A. Soroa

A Comparative Evaluation of Collocation Extraction Techniques

Darren Pearce

A Comparison of Machine Learning Algorithms for Prepositional Phrase Attachment.

Brian Mitchell, Robert Gaizauskas

A Contrastive Acoustic-Phonetic Analysis of Slovenian and English Diphthongs.

Robert Modic, Bojan Petek

A corpus based investigation of morphological disagreement in anaphoric relations.

Cătălina Barbu, Richard Evans, Ruslan Mitkov

A corpus-based investigation of junk emails.

Constantin Orasan, Ramesh Krishnamurthy

A Database for the Analysis of Cross-Lingual Pronunciation Variants of European City Names.

Stefan Schaden

A Dependency Treebank for English.

Owen Rambow, Cassandre Creswell, Rachel Szekely, Harriet Taber, Marilyn Walker

A Domain Adaptive Approach to Automatic Acquisition of Domain Relevant Terms and their Relations with Bootstrapping

Feiyu Xu, Daniela Kurz, Jakub Piskorski, Sven Schmeier

A dynamic model for reference corpora structure definition

Fabio Tamburini

A Field Survey for Establishing Priorities in the Development of HLT Resources for Dutch.

D. Binnenpoorte, F. De Vriend, J. Sturm, W. Daelemans, H. Strik, C. Cucchiarini

A Flexible Distributed Architecture for Natural Language Analyzers.

Xavier Carreras, Lluís Padró

A Flexible XML-based Regular Compiler for Creation and Conversion of Linguistic Resources.

Jakub Piskorski, Witold Drożdżyński, Oliver Scherf, Feiyu Xu

A Human Language Technologies Platform for the Dutch language: awareness, management maintenance and distribution.

Catia Cucchiarini, Elisabeth D'Halleweyn, Lisanne Teunissen

A Hybrid Architecture for Robust Parsing of German.

Erhard W. Hinrichs, Sandra Kübler, Frank H. Müller, Tylman Ule

A Labelling Proposal to Annotate Dialogues.

Carlos D. Martínez-Hinarejos, Emilio Sanchís, Fernando García-Granada, Pablo Aibar

A Machine Learning Approach to Automatic Functor Assignment in the Prague Dependency Treebank.

Zdeněk Žabokrtský, Petr Sgall, Sašo Džeroski

A Method for Automatically Building and Evaluating Dictionary Resources.

Smaranda Muresan, Judith Klavans

A Multilingual Speaker Verification System: Architecture and Performance Evaluation.

Javier Caminero, Joaquín González-Rodríguez, Javier Ortega-García, Daniel Tapias, Pedro M. Ruz, Mercedes Solá

A Part-of-Speech-Based Search Algorithm for Translation Memories.

Reinhard Rapp

A Pratical Introduction to ATLAS

Christophe Laprun, Jonathan G. Fiscus, John Garofolo, Sylvain Pajot

A Procedure for Word Derivational Processes Concerning Lexicon Extension in Highly Inflected Languages

Klára Osolsobĕ, Karel Pala, Radek Sedláček, Marek Veber

A Protocol for Evaluating Analyzers of Syntax (PEAS).

Véronique Gendner, Gabriel Illouz, Michèle Jardino, Laura Monceaux, Patrick Paroubek, Isabelle Robba, Anne Vilnat

A Robust and Flexible Platform for Dependency Extraction.

Caroline Hagège, Claude Roux

A step forward to hypertext.

Adán Cassán, Sergi Cervell, Mireia Colom, Rafael Marín, Josep M. Merenciano, Gema Pérez, Lluís Valentín

A Subcategorisation Lexicon for German Verbs induced from a Lexicalised PCFG.

Sabine Schulte im Walde

A System for Incremental and Interactive Word Linking.

Lars Ahrenberg , Mikael Andersson, Magnus Merkel

A Text-based for Detection and Filtering of Commercial Segments in Broadcast News.

Ganesh Ramesh, Amit Bagga

A Two-level Morphological Analyser and Generator for Irish using Finite-State Transducers.

Elaine Uí Dhonnchadha

A typological database of agreement

Carole Tiberius, Dunstan Brown, Greville Corbett.

A Unicode-based Environment for Creation and Use of Language Resources.

Valentin Tablan, Cristian Ursu, Kalina Bontcheva, Hamish Cunningham, Diana Maynard, Oana Hamza, Tony McEnery, Paul Baker, Mark Leisher

A unified system for accessing typological databases.

Paola Monachesi, Alexis Dimitriadis, Rob Goedemans, Anne-Marie Mineur

A Web-based English Abstract Writing Tool Using a Tagged E-J Parallel Corpus.

Masumi Narita, Kazuya Kurokawa, Takehito Utsuro

A XML-based tool for evaluation of SLDS.

Marcela Charfuelán, Luis Hernández Gómez, Cristina Esteban López, Holmer Hemsen

Acoustic Modeling and Training of a Bilingual ASR System when a Minority Language is Involved.

Laura Docío-Fernández, Carmen García-Mateo

Acquiring Compact Lexicalized Grammars from a Cleaner Treebank.

Julia Hockenmaier, Mark Steedman

Acquiring Lexical Knowledge for Anaphora Resolution.

Massimo Poesio, Tomonori Ishikawa, Sabine Schulte im Walde, Renata Vieira

Acquisition of Qualia Elements from Corpora - Evaluation of a Symbolic Learning Method

Pierrette Bouillon, Vincent Claveau, Cécile Fabre, Pascale Sébillot

ADAM: The SI-TAL Corpus of Annotated Dialogues.

Roldano Cattoni, Morena Danieli, Vanessa Sandrini, Claudia Soria

Advanced Tools for the Study of Natural Interactivity.

Claudia Soria, Niels Ole Bernsen, Niels Cadée, Jean Carletta, Laila Dybkjær, Stefan Evert, Ulrich Heid, Amy Isard, Mykola Kolodnytsky, Christoph Lauer, Wolfgang Lezius, Lucas P.J.J. Noldus, Vito Pirrelli, Norbert Reithinger, Andreas Vögele

Adverbs in Semantic Lexica for NLP - The extension of the Danish SIMPLE lexicon with Time Adverbs.

Sanni Nimb

An Algorithm to Find Words from Definitions.

Dominique Dutoit, Pierre Nugues

An Annotated Japanese Sign Language Corpus.

Atsuko, Koizumi, Hirohiko Sagawa, Masaru Takeuchi

An API for Discourse-level Access to XML-encoded Corpora.

Christoph Müller, Michael Strube

An Efficient and Flexible Format for Linguistic and Semantic Annotation.

Špela Vintar,  Paul Buitelaar, Bärbel Ripplinger, Bogdan Sacaleanu, Diana Raileanu, Detlef Prescher

An evaluation of different symbolic shallow parsing techniques.

Tristan Van Rullen, Philippe Blache

An Improved Algorithm for the Automatic Segmentation of Speech Corpora.

Tom Laureys, Kris Demuynck, Jacques Duchateau, Patrick Wambacq

An integrated framework for treebanks and multilayer annotations

Scott Cotton, Steven Bird

An Iterative Data Collection Approach for Multimodal Dialogue Systems.

Stefan Rapp, Michael Strube,

An ontology-based approach in the literary research: two case-studies

Daniela Alderuccio, Luciana Bordoni

Analysis of Lexical Structures from Field Linguistics and Language Engineering.

P. Wittenburg, W. Peters, S. Drude

Annotating and Measuring Multimodal Behaviour – Tycoon Metrics in the Anvil Tool.

Jean-Claude Martin, Michael Kipp

Annotating the functional chunks in Chinese sentences.

Qiang Zhou, Elliott Franco Drabek, Fuji Ren

Annotation Driven Concordancing: the PAX Toolkit.

Thorsten Trippel, Dafydd Gibbon

Annotation of prominent words, prosodic boundaries and segmental lengthening by non-expert transcribers in the Spoken Dutch Corpus.

Jeska Buhmann, Johanneke Caspers, Vincent J. van Heuven, Heleen Hoekstra, Jean-Pierre Martens, Marc Swerts

Annotations for Dynamic Diagnosis of the Dialog State

Laurence Devillers, Sophie Rosset, Hélèn Bonneau-Maynard, Lori Lamel

AR-Engine - a framework for unrestricted co-reference resolution.

Dan Cristea, Oana-Diana Postolache, Gabriela-Eugenia Dima, Cătălina Barbu

Argument/Valency Structure in PropBank, LCS Database and Prague Dependency Treebank: A Comparative Pilot Study.

Eva Hajičová, Ivona Kučerová

Assessing the difficulty of finding people in texts.

Constantin Orăsan, Richard Evans

Automatic Acronym Acquisition and Term Variation Management within Domain-Specific Texts.

Goran Nenadić, Irena Spasić, Sophia Ananiadou

Automatic Adaptation of WordNet to Domains.

Roberto Navigli, Paola Velardi

Automatic Alignment of Japanese and English Newspaper Articles using an MT System and a Bilingual Company Name Dictionary.

Kenji Matsumoto, Hideki Tanaka

Automatic Detection of Acoustic Centres of Reliability for Tagging Paralinguistic Information in Expressive Speech.

Parham Mokhtari, Nick Campbell

Automatic detection of prosodic prominence in continuous speech.

Fabio Tamburini

Automatic Evaluation: Using a DATE Dialogue Act Tagger for User Satisfaction and Task Completion Prediction.

Helen Wright Hastie, Rashmi Prasad, Marilyn Walker

Automatic extraction of differences between spoken and written languages, and automatic translation from the written to the spoken language.

Masaki Murata, Hitoshi Isahara

Automatic machine translation selection scheme to output the best result.

Keiji Yasuda, Fumiaki Sugaya, Toshiyuki Takezawa, Seiichi Yamamoto, Masuzo Yanagida

Automatic Morphological Segmentation for Continuous Speech Recognition of Basque.

K. López de Ipiña, N. Ezeiza, G. Bordel

Automatic paraphrasing based on parallel corpus for normalization.

Mitsuo Shimohata, Eiichiro Sumita

Automatic Ranking of MT Systems.

Martin Rajman, Anthony Hartley

Automatism and User Interaction: Building a Hungarian WordNet.

Gábor Prószéky, Márton Miháltz

BDCon: A Spanish knowledge database.

Adán Cassán, Sergi Cervell, Mireia Colom, Rafael Marín, Josep M. Merenciano, Gema Pérez, Lluís Valentín

Beyond Tag Trigrams: New Local Features for Tagging.

Andrew Finch, Ezra Black, Ringo Wathelet

Bilingual alignment of anaphoric expressions.

R. Muñoz, R. Mitkov, M. Palomar, J. Peral, R. Evans, L. Moreno, C. Orasan, M. Saiz-Noeda,A. Ferrández,C. Barbu,P. Martínez-Barco, A. Suárez

Bilingual FrameNet Dictionaries for Machine Translation.

Hans C. Boas

Bilingual Indexing for Information Retrieval with AUTINDEX.

Dieter Maas, Nuebel Rita, Catherine Pease, Paul Schmidt

Bilingual Spoken Monologue Corpus for Simultaneous Machine Interpretation Research.

Shigeki Matsubara, Akira Takagi, Nobuo Kawaguchi, Yasuyoshi Inagaki

BIZKAIFON: A sound archive of dialectal varieties of spoken Basque.

I. Hernáez, E. Navas, J. Sánchez, I. Madariaga, I. Gaminde, X. Zalbide

Bootstrapping Large Sense Tagged Corpora.

Rada F. Mihalcea

Building a Linguistically Interpreted Corpus of Bulgarian: the BulTreeBank

Kiril Simov, Petya Osenova, Milena Slavcheva, Sia Kolkovska, Elisaveta Balabanova, Dimitar Doikoff, Krassimira Ivanova, Alexander Simov, Milen Kouylekov

Building a Resource for Evaluating the Importance of Sentences.

Barry Schiffman

Building ancient Spanish dictionaries for spell-checking of DL texts

Alejandro Bia, Manuel Sánchez Quero

Building and annotating a corpus for the study of journalistic text reuse

Paul Clough, Robert Gaizauskas, S. L. Piao

Building annotated resources for automatic text summarisation.

Constantin Orasan

Building Concept Frames based on Text Corpora.

Birte Lönneker

Building domain specific lexical hierarchies from corpora.

Olivier Ferret, Christian Fluhr, Françoise Rousseau-Hans, Jean-Luc Simoni

Building the Croatian National Corpus.

Marko Tadić

CATCG: a general purpose parsing tool applied.

Alex Alsina, Toni Badia, Gemma Boleda, Stefan Bott, Àngel Gil, Martí Quixal, Oriol Valentín

CLIPS, a Multi-level Italian Computational Lexicon: a Glimpse to Data.

Nilda Ruimy, Monica Monachini, Raffaella Distante, Elisabetta Guazzini, Stefano Molino, Marisa Ulivieri, Nicoletta Calzolari, Antonio Zampolli

COLLATE: Competence Center in Speech and Language Technology.

Joanne Capstick, Hans Uszkoreit, Wolfgang Wahlster, Thierry Declerck, Gregor Erbach, Anthony Jameson, Brigitte Jorg, Reinhard Karger, Tillmann Wegst

Collection and linguistic processing of a large-scale corpus of medical articles.

Simone Teufel, Noemie Elhadad

Combining Bayesian and Support Vector Machines Learning to automatically complete Syntactical Information for HPSG-like Formalisms.

Manolis Maragoudakis, Katia Kermanidis, Nikos Fakotakis, George Kokkinakis

Combining statistics on n-grams for automatic term recognition.

Almudena Ballester, Ángel Martín Municio, Fernando Pardos, Jordi Porta Zamorano, Rafael J. Ruiz Ureña, Fernando Sánchez León

Comparative Evaluation of Collocation Extraction Metrics.

Aristomenis Thanopoulos, Nikos Fakotakis, George Kokkinakis

Comparative study of oral and written French automatically tagged with morpho-syntactic information.

Véronique Gendner

Comparing and Extracting Paraphrasing Words with 2-Way Bilingual Dictionaries.

Kazutaka Takao, Kenji Imamura, Hideki Kashioka

Compiling an Interactive Literary Translation Web Site for Education Purposes.

José Miguel Aguilar Río

Computational Linguistics at Universiti Sains Malaysia

Choy-Kim Chuah, Zaharin Yusoff

Computer-Aided Specification of Quality Models for Machine Translation Evaluation.

Eduard Hovy, Margaret King, Andrei Popescu-Belis

Computerized linguistic resources of the research laboratory ATILF for lexical and textual analysis: Frantext, TLFi, and the software Stella.

Pascale Bernard, Josette Lecomte, Jacques Dendien, Jean-Marie Pierrel

Constructing a lexicon of action.

Tokunaga Takenobu, Okumura Manabu, Saitô Suguru, Tanaka Hozumi

Construction of a Japanese Relevance-tagged Corpus.

Daisuke Kawahara, Sadao Kurohashi, Kôiti Hasida

Construction of a Word Sense Tagged Corpus for SENSEVAL-2 Japanese Dictionary Task.

Kiyoaki Shirai

Continuous Speech Recognition Consortium  an Open Repository for CSR Tools and Models.

Akinobu Lee, Tatsuya Kawahara, Kazuya Takeda, Masato Mimura, Atsushi Yamada, Akinori Ito, Katsunobu Itou, Kiyohiro Shikano

Converting a Corpus into a Hypertext: An Approach Using XML Topic Maps and XSLT.

Eva Anna Lenz, Angelika Storrer

Cooperation between black box and glass box approaches for the evaluation of a question answering system.

Martine Hurault-Plantet, Laura Monceaux

Co-reference annotation and resources: A multilingual corpus of typologically diverse languages.

Felix Sasaki, Claudia Wegener, Andreas Witt, Dieter Metzing, Jens Pönninghaus

Corpora as Object-Oriented System. From UML-notation to Implementation.

Serge A. Yablonsky

Corpus-based Evaluation of a French Spelling and Grammar Checker.

Marianne Starlander, Andrei Popescu-Belis

Creating Annotation Tools with the Annotation Graph Toolkit.

Kazauki Maeda, Steven Bird, Xiaoyi Ma, Haejoong Lee

Creating Domain-specific Information Servers.

James Pustejovsky

Creation and Evaluation of Extensible Language Resources for Maltese.

Angelo Dalli

Creation of an Annotated German Broadcast Speech Database for Spoken Document Retrieval.

Stefan Eickeler, Martha Larson, Wolff Rüter, Joachim Köhler

Current Developments of STO - the Danish Lexicon Project for NLP and HLT Applications.

Anna Braasch

Database Adaptation for Speech Recognition in Cross-Environmental Conditions.

Oren Gedge, Christophe Couvreur, Klaus Linhard, Shaunie Shammass, Ami Moyal

Databases of Heterogeneous Segments for Concatenative Speech Synthesis.

Ivan Kopeček, Karel Pala

DELOS: An Automatically Tagged Economic Corpus for Modern Greek.

Katia Lida Kermanidis, Nikos Fakotakis, George Kokkinakis

Design and Implementation of the Slovenian Phonetic and Morphology Lexicons for the Use in Spoken Language Applications.

Matej Rojc, Zdravko Kačič, Darinka Verdonik

Design of the VICO Spoken Dialogue System: Evaluation of User Expectations by Wizard-of-Oz Experiments.

Petra Geutner, Frank Steffens, Dietrich Manstetten

Designing Prosodic Databases for Automatic Modeling of Slovenian Language in a Multilingual TTS System.

Achim F. Müller, Janez Stergar, Bogomir Horvat

Designing speech database with prosodic variety for expressive TTS system.

Hiromichi Kawanami, Tsuyoshi Masuda, Tomoki Toda, Kiyohiro Shikano

Design and Evaluation of a SLDS for E-Mail Access through the Telephone.

Nuria Bel, Javier Caminero, Luis Hernández, Montserrat Marimón, José F. Morlesín, Josep M. Otero, José Relaño, M. Carmen Rodríguez, Pedro M. Ruz, Daniel Tapias

Developing Infrastructure for the Evaluation of Single and Multi-document Summarization Systems in a Cross-lingual Environment.

Horacio Saggion, Dragomir Radev, Simone Teufel, Wai Lam, Stephanie M. Strassel

Development and Evaluation of a Korean Treebank and its Application to NLP

Chung-hye Han, Na-Rare Han, Eon-Suk Ko, Martha Palmer

Development of a Dependency Treebank for Russian and its Possible Applications in NLP.

Igor Boguslavsky, Ivan Chardin, Svetlana Grigorieva, Nikolai Grigoriev, Leonid Iomdin, Leonid Kreidlin, Nadezhda Frid

Developments in the TIGER Annotation Scheme and their Realization in the Corpus.

Sabine Brants, Silvia Hansen

DIADORIM - A Lexical Database for Brazilian Portuguese.

Juliana Galvani Greghi, Ronaldo Teixeira Martins, Maria das Graças Volpe Nunes

Diagnostic Assessment of Telephone Transmission Impact on ASR Performance and Human-to-Human Speech Quality.

Sebastian Möller, Ergina Kavallieratou

Different Ways of Evaluating a Swedish Grammar Checker.

Rickard Domeij, Ola Knutsson, Kerstin Severinson Eklundh

Diversity of Scenarios in Information extraction.

Silja Huttunen, Roman Yangarber, Ralph Grishman

Does the Content of Speech Influence its Perceived Sound Quality?.

Alexander Raake

Efficient Stochastic Part-of-Speech Tagging for Hungarian.

Csaba Oravecz, Péter Dienes

Electronic Dictionaries - from Publisher Data to a Distribution Server: the DicoPro, DicoEast and RERO Projects.

Andrei Popescu-Belis, Susan Armstrong, Gilbert Robert

Ellogon: A New Text Engineering Platform.

Georgios Petasis, Vangelis Karkaletsis, Georgios Paliouras, Ion Androutsopoulos, Constantine D. Spyropoulos

ELSST: a broad-based Multilingual Thesaurus for the Social Sciences.

Lorna Balkan, Ken Miller, Birgit Austin, Anne Etheridge, Myriam Garcia Bernabé, Pam Miller

EMILLE, A 67-Million Word Corpus of Indic Languages: Data Collection, Mark-up and Harmonisation.

Paul Baker, Andrew Hardie, Tony McEnery, Hamish Cunningham, Rob Gaizauskas

End-to-End Evaluation of Multimodal Dialogue Systems – can we Transfer Established Methods?

Nicole Beringer, Katerina Louka, Victoria Penide-Lopez, Uli Türk

English Speech Database Read by Japanese Learners for CALL System Development.

N. Minematsu, Y. Tomiyama, K. Yoshimoto, K. Shimizu, S. Nakagawa, M. Dantsuji, S. Makino

Enhanced Dialogue Markup for Crisis Talk Scenario Resources

Claudia Sassen, Dafydd Gibbon

Enhanced Japanese Electronic Dictionary Look-up.

Timothy Baldwin, Slaven Bilac, Ryo Okumura, Takenobu Tokunaga, Hozumi Tanaka

Error analysis in anaphora resolution.

Cătălina Barbu

Ethical and legal issues in corpus construction

Tony McEnery

Evaluating resource acquisition tools for Information Extraction.

Thierry Poibeau, Dominique Dutoit, Sophie Bizouard

Evaluating Web-based Question Answering Systems.

Dragomir R. Radev, Hong Qi, Harris Wu, Weiguo Fan

Evaluation and collection of proper name pronunciations online.

Ariadna Font Llitjós, Alan W Black

Evaluation Corpora for Sense Disambiguation in the Medical Domain.

Diana Raileanu, Paul Buitelaar, Spela Vintar, Jörg Bay

Evaluation of a Vector Space Similarity Measure in a Multilingual Framework.

Romaric Besançon, Martin Rajman

Evaluation of Machine Learning Methods for Natural Language Processing Tasks.

Walter Daelemans, Véronique Hoste

Evaluation of parsed corpora: Experiments in user-transparent and user-visible evaluation.

Diana Santos, Caroline Gasperin

Evaluation of Pronunciation Variants in the ASR Lexicon for Different Speaking Styles.

Ingunn Amdal, Torbjørn Svendsen

Evaluation of Thesaurus on Sociopolitical Life as Information-Retrieval Tool.

Natalia V. Loukachevitch, Boris V. Dobrov

Expanding lexicons by inducing paradigms and  validating attested forms.

Gregory Grefenstette, Yan Qu, David A. Evans

Experiences from the Spoken Dutch Corpus Project.

Nelleke Oostdijk, Wim Goedertier, Frank van Eynde, Louis Boves, Jean-Pierre Martens, Michael Moortgat, Harald Baayen

Experimental Two-Level Morphology of Estonian.

Heli Uibo

Experiments in Topic Detection.

Yllias Chali

Extended Named Entity Hierarchy.

Satoshi Sekine, Kiyoshi Sudo, Chikashi Nobata

Extracting French-Japanese Word Pairs from Bilingual Corpora based on Transliteration Rules.

Keita Tsuji, Beatrice Daille, Kyo Kageura

Extracting Information for Automatic Indexing of Multimedia Material.

Horacio Saggion, Hamish Cunningham, Diana Maynard, Kalina Bontcheva, Oana Hamza, Christian Ursu, Yorick Wilks

Extraction of Associative Attributes from Nouns and Quantitative Expression of Prototype Concept.

Maya Ando, Jun Okamoto, Shun Ishizaki

Field Testing the Tongues Speech-to-Speech Machine Translation System.

Robert E. Frederking, Alan W Black, Ralf D. Brown, John Moody, Eric Steinbrecher

Fish or Fowl:A Wizard of Oz Evaluation of Dialogue Strategies in the Restaurant Domain.

Steve Whittaker, Marilyn Walker, Johanna Moore

Floresta Sintá(c)tica: A treebank for Portuguese.

Susana Afonso, Eckhard Bick, Renato Haber, Diana Santos

FORM: An Extensible, Kinematically-based Gesture Annotation Scheme. 

Craig Martell

Formal Mechanisms for Capturing Regularizations.

Adam Meyers, Ralph Grishman, Michiko Kosaka

From DTD to relational dB. An automatic generation of a lexicographical station out off ISLE guidelines.

Marta Villegas, Nuria Bel

From Resources to Applications. Designing the Multilingual ISLE Lexical Entry.

Sue Atkins, Nuria Bel, Francesca Bertagna, Pierrette Bouillon, Nicoletta Calzolari, Christiane Fellbaum, Ralph Grishman, Alessandro Lenci, Catherine MacLeod, Martha Palmer, Gregor Thurmair, Marta Villegas, Antonio Zampolli

From TreeBank to PropBank.

Paul Kingsbury, Martha Palmer

From WordNet to CELEX: acquiring morphological links from dictionaries of synonyms.

Nabil Hathout

GermaNet - representation, visualization, application.

Claudia Kunze, Lothar Lemnitzer

Give me a bug. a framework for a bug report service.

Henk van den Heuvel, Khalid Choukri, Harald Höge

HMMs for Automatic Phonetic Segmentation

Doroteo Torre Toledano, Luis A. Hernández Gómez

How feasible is the reuse of grammars for Named Entity Recognition?.

Katerina Pastra, Diana Maynard, Oana Hamza, Hamish Cunningham, Yorick Wilks

How to build a multilingual inheritance-based lexicon.

Carole Tiberius

How to evaluate necessary cooperative systems of terminology building?.

Thierry Hamon, Olivier Hû

Humans as Corpus - Language Learning Strategies in Virtually Mediated Authentic Environments.

Daniel Jung

Identifying Verb Arguments and their Syntactic Function in the Penn Treebank.

Alexandra Kinyon, Carlos A. Prolo

iLex - A tool for Sign Language Lexicography and Corpus Analysis.

Thomas Hanke

Implementation and Evaluation of PAROLE PoS in a National Context

Tilly Dutilh, Truus Kruyt

Improving an Ontology Refinement Method with Hyponymy Patterns.

Enrique Alfonseca, Suresh Manandhar

Incremental Recognition and Referential Categorization of French Proper Names.

Nordine Fourour, Emmanuel Morin, Béatrice Daille

Information Extraction from Text Corpora: Using Filters on Collocation Sets.

Gerhard Heyer, Uwe Quasthoff, Christian Wolff

Inside the Evaluation Process of the Cross-Language Evaluation Forum (CLEF): Issues of Multilingual Topic Creation and Multilingual Relevance Assessment.

Michael Kluck, Christa Womser-Hacker

Integrating Spanish Linguistic Resources in a Web Site Assistant.

Paloma Martínez, Ana García-Serrano, Alberto Ruiz-Cristina

Integrating Two Semantic Lexicons, SIMPLE and ItalWordNet: What Can We Gain?.

Adriana Roventini, Marisa Ulivieri, Nicoletta Calzolari

Interface Databases: Design and Collection of a Multilingual Emotional Speech Database.

Vladimir Hozjan, Zdravko Kacic, Asunción Moreno, Antonio Bonafonte, Albino Nogueiras

Issues in the design, construction and use of Language Resources (LR) for Endangered Languages (Els).

Monica Ward

Italian arabic linguistic tools.

Eugenio Picchi, Eva Sassolini, Ouafae Nahli, Sebastiana Cucurullo, M. Isabel Vargas

Japanese and American Sign Language Dictionary System for Japanese and English Users.

Emiko Suzuki, Kyoko Kakihana

Knowledge Mining and Discovery for Searching in Literary Texts.

A. Cappelli, M. N. Catarsi, P. Michelassi, L. Moretti, M. Baglioni, F. Turini, M. Tavoni

Language Resource Creation and Distribution at the Linguistic Data Consortium: A Progress Report.

Christopher Cieri, Mark Liberman

Language Resources and Evaluation: International Strategy Panel.

Mark T. Maybury, Antonio Zampolli

Language Resources for Multi-Modal Dialogue Systems. 

Oliver Lemon, Alexander Gruenstein

LAperLA: an integrated graphical-linguistic System for old printed Latin Texts.

Andrea Bozzi

Learning description of term patterns using glossary resources.

Le An Ha

Learning of word sense disambiguation rules by Co-training, checking co-occurrence of features.

Hiroyuki Shinnou

Lemma selection in domain specific computational lexica - some specific problems

Sussi Olsen

Leo: an Architecture for Sharing Resources for Unification-Based Grammars.

Jason Baldridge, John Dowding, Susana Early  

Lexical and Textual Resources for Sense Recognition and Description.

Jerker Järborg, Dimitrios Kokkinakis, Maria Toporowska Gronostaj

Lexical Annotation for Multi-word Entries Containing Nominalizations.

Catherine Macleod

Lexical token alignment: experiments, results and applications.

Dan Tufiş, Ana-Maria Barbu

Lexicon Optimization: Maximizing Lexical Coverage in Speech Recognition through Automated Compounding.

Vincent Vandeghinste

Linguistic and Computational Problems for the Creation of an Italian Children's Corpus of Spoken Language.

Laura Pecchia, Giuseppe Cappelli, Elisabetta Guazzini

Lithuanian Speech Database LTDIGITS

Algimantas Rudzionis, Vytautas Rudzionis

Living off the land: The Web as a source of practice texts for learners of less prevalent languages.

Kristina Nilsson, Lars Borin

LREP: A Language Repository Exchange Protocol.

Daan Broeder, Peter Wittenburg, Thierry Declerck, Laurent Romary

Machine Translation Evaluation: N-grams to the Rescue.

Kishore Papineni

MatsLex - a Multilingual Lexical Database for Machine Translation

Jörg Tiedemann

Meaning as use: exploitation of aligned corpora for the contrastive study of lexical semantics.

Serge Sharoff

Measuring corpus homogeneity using a range of measures for inter-document distance.

Gabriela Cavaglià

Metadata Proposals for Corpora and Lexica.

P. Wittenburg, W. Peters, D. Broeder

Metadata Tools Supporting Controlled Vocabulary Services.

Daan Broeder, Freddy Offenga, Don Willems

Methods and Tools for Prosodic Analysis of a Spoken Italian Corpus.

Michelina Savino, Mario Refice, Domenico Daleno

Methods and Tools for Speech Data Acquisition exploiting a Database of German Parliamentary Speeches and Transcripts from the Internet.

Konstantin Biatov, Joachim Köhler

Methods for Constructing Lexicon-Grammar Resources: The Example of Measure Expressions.

Matthieu Constant

Methods of Language Documentation in the DOBES project.

P. Wittenburg, U. Mosel, A. Dwyer

Modal Expressions in Natural Language Sentence and Their Similarity.

Toshifumi Tanabe, Yasuo Koyama, Kenji Yoshimura, Kosho Shudo

Models and Tools for Collaborative Annotation

Xiaoyi Ma, Haejoong Lee, Steven Bird, Kazuaki Maeda

Morphosyntactic Disambiguation for TTS Systems.

Ricardo Ribeiro, Luís Oliveira, Isabel Trancoso

Multidialectal Spanish Modeling for ASR.

Mónica Caballero, José B. Mariño, Asunción Moreno

Multi-Dimensional Data Acquisition for Integrated Acoustic Information Research.

Nobuo Kawaguchi, Shigeki Matsubara, Kazuya Takeda, Fumitada Itakura

Multidocument Summarization with GISTexter.

Sanda Harabagiu, Finley Lacatusu, Paul Morarescu

Multi-level XML-based Corpus Annotation.

Harris Papageorgiou, Prokopis Prokopidis, Voula Giouli, Iason Demiros, Alexis Konstantinidis, Stelios Piperidis

Multilingual Summarization by Integrating Linguistic Resources in the MLIS-MUSI Project.

Alessandro Lenci, Roberto Bartolini, Nicoletta Calzolari, Ana Agua, Stephan Busemann, Emmanuel Cartier, Karine Chevreau, José Coch

Multilingual Terminology Extraction and Validation.

Antonio S. Valderrábanos, Alexander Belskis, Luis Iraola Moreno

Multilingual XML-Based Named Entity Recognition for E-Retail Domains.

Claire Grover, Scott McDonald, Donnla Nic Gearailt, Vangelis Karkaletsis, Dimitra Farmakiotou, Georgios Samaritakis, Georgios Petasis, Maria Teresa Pazienza, Michele Vindigni, Frantz Vichot, Francis Wolinski

Multimedia Annotation with Multilingual Input Methods and Search Support.

Hennie Brugman, Harriet Spenke, Markus Kramer, Alexander Klassmann

Multimodal and Adaptative Pedagogical Resources.

Jean-Claude Martin, Jean-Hugues Réty, Nelly Bensimon

Multimodal Annotations in Gesture and Sign Language Studies

P. Wittenburg, St. Levinson, S. Kita, H. Brugman

Multi-Modal Menus And Traffic Interaction. Timing As A Crucial Factor For User Driven Mode Decision

Angelika Salmen

Multimodal Systems, Resources and Evaluation.

Mark T. Maybury

Multi-Tier Annotations in the Verbmobil Corpus.

Karl Weilhammer, Uwe Reichel, Florian Schiel

Multiword expressions: linguistic precision and reusability.

Ann Copestake, Fabre Lambeau, Aline Villavicencio, Francis Bond, Timothy Baldwin, Ivan A. Sag, Dan Flickinger

Natural Interactivity Resources – Data, Annotation Schemes and Tools.

Laila Dybkjær, Niels Ole Bernsen

Natural Language Dialogue in a Virtual Assistant Interface.

Ana M. García-Serrano, Luis Rodrigo-Aguado, Javier Calle  

NESPOLE!’s Multilingual and Multimodal Corpus.

Erica Costantini, Susanne Burger, Fabio Pianesi

New Developments in Ontological Semantics.

Antonio Moreno Ortiz, Victor Raskin, Sergei Nirenburg

Nexing Corpus: a corpus of verbal protocols on syllogistic reasoning.

António Branco, José Leitão, João Silva, Luís Gomes

n-grams of Seeds: A Hybrid System for Corpus-Based Text Summarization.

René Schneider

NIST Rich Transcription 2002 Evaluation: A Preview.

John Garofolo, Jonathan G. Fiscus, Alvin Martin, David Pallett, Mark Przybocki

Nominal Expressions in Multilingual Corpora: Definites and Demonstratives.

Susanne Salmon-Alt, Renata Vieira

Objective analysis of emotional speech for English and Slovenian Interface emotional speech databases.

Vladimir Hozjan, Zdravko Kacic

Old Sources and Modern Procedures: Computer Processing of Old-Church Slavonic.

Kiril Ribarov

Opportunistic Semantic Tagging.

Luisa Bentivogli, Emanuele Pianta

OrienTel - Multilingual access to interactive communication services for the Mediterranean and the Middle East.

Rainer Siemund, Barbara Heuft, Khalid Choukri, Ossama Emam, Emmanuel Maragoudakis, Herbert Tropf, Oren Gedge, Sherrie Shammass, Asuncion Moreno, Albino Nogueiras Rodriguez, Imed Zitouni, Dorota Iskra

PatEdit: An Information Extraction Pattern Editor for Fast System Customization.

Dimitra Farmakiotou, Vangelis Karkaletsis, Ioannis Koutsias, George Petasis, Constantine D. Spyropoulos

Phonetically Distributed Continuous Speech Corpus for Thai Language.

Chai Wutiwiwatchai, Patcharika Cotsomrong, Sinaporn Suebvisai, Supphanat Kanokphara

PIA-Core: Semantic Annotation through Example-based Learning

Nigel Collier, Koichi Takeuchi

PILLS:  Multilingual generation of medical information documents with overlapping content.

Nadjet Bouayad-Agha, Richard Power, Donia Scott, Anja Belz

Predictive and objective evaluation of speech understanding: the “challenge” evaluation campaign of the I3 speech workgroup of the French CNRS.

Jean-Yves Antoine, Caroline Bousquet-Vernhettes, Jérôme Goulian, Mohamed Zakaria Kurdi, Sophie Rosset, Nadine Vigouroux, Jeanne Villaneau

Preliminary Evaluation of Slovenian Mobile Database PoliDat.

Andrej Žgank, Zdravko Kačič, Bogomir Horvat

Producing a Large-scale Encyclopedic Corpus over the Web.

Atsushi Fujii, Katunobu Itou, Tetsuya Ishikawa

Progress on Multi-lingual Named Entity Annotation Guidelines using RDF (S).

Nigel Collier, Koichi Takeuchi, Chikashi Nobata, Junichi Fukumoto, Norihiro Ogata

Project Proposal TC-STAR - Make Speech to Speech Translation Real

Harald Höge

Proper Names In A Semantic Database.

Rita Marinelli, Adriana Roventini  

Proposal for Evaluating Ontology Refinement Methods.

Enrique Alfonseca, Suresh Manandhar

Proposal of a very-large-corpus acquisition method by cell-formed registration.

Fumiaki Suyaga, Toshiyuki Takezawa, Genichiro Kikui, Seiichi Yamamoto

Quantitative parameters in corpus design: Estimating the optimum text size in Modern Greek language.

George Mikros

Querying Dependency Treebanks in XML.

Gosse Bouma, Geert Kloosterman

Recording techniques for capturing natural every-day speech.

Nick Campbell

Reducing Segmental Duration Variation by Local Speech Rate Normalization of Large Spoken Language Resources.

Hartmut R. Pfitzinger

Report on the Revision of the Lexicographical Standard ISO 1951 Presentation/Representation of Entries in Dictionaries.

Marie-Jeanne Derouin, Dr. André Le Meur

Resource Sharing System for Humanity Researches

Shoichiro Hara, Hisashi Yasunaga

Resources for Morphology Learning and Evaluation.

Mike Maxwell

Robust Accurate Statistical Annotation of General Text.

Ted Briscoe, John Carroll

SAM: System for Multi-criteria Text Alignment. 

Hatem Ghorbel, Giovanni Coray, André Linden

Scaling the ISLE Framework: Use of Existing Corpus Resources for Validation of MT Evaluation Metrics across Languages.

Michelle Vanni, Keith Miller

Scaling Up an MT Prototype for Industrial Use - Databases and Data Flow.

Anna Sågvall Hein, Eva Forsbom, Jörg Tiedemann, Per Weijnitz, Ingrid Almqvist, Leif-Jöran Olsson, Sten Thaning

Searching via Keywords or Concept Hierarchies - Which is Better?.

Richard F. E. Sutcliffe, Kieran White

Seeing Arguments through Transparent Structures.

Charles J. Fillmore, Collin F. Baker, Hiroaki Sato

Semantic Lexical Resources Applied to Content-based Querying - the OntoQuery Project.

Bolette S. Pedersen, Patrizia Paggio

Sensitivity of IR systems Evaluation to Topic Difficulty.

Koji Eguchi, Kazuko Kuriyama, Noriko Kando

Signatures, Typed Feature Structures and RDFS.

Matthias Denecke

SiSSA: An Infrastructure for Developing NLP Applications.

A. Lavelli, F. Pianesi, E. Maci, I. Prodanof, L. Dini, G. Mazzini

Some Examinations of Intrinsic Methods for Summary Evaluation Based on the Text Summarization Challenge (TSC).

Hidetsugu Nanba, Manabu Okumura

Speech Information Technology & Industry Promotion Center in Korea: Activities and Directions.

Yong-Ju Lee, Bong-Wan Kim, Yongnam Um

Speech to Speech Translation: Present and Future Challenges.

Gianni Lazzari

SpeechDat across all America: SALA II.

Asunción Moreno, Oren Gedge, Henk van den Heuvel, Harald Höge, Sabine Horbach, Patricia Martin, Elisabeth Pinto, Antonio Rincón, Franco Senia, Rafid Sukkar

SPEECON – Speech Databases for Consumer Devices: Database Specification and Validation.

Dorota Iskra, Beate Grosskopf, Krzysztof Marasek, Henk van den Heuvel, Frank Diehl, Andreas Kiessling

Standards & best practice for multilingual computational lexicons: ISLE MILE  and more

Nicoletta Calzolari, Ralph Grishman, Marta Palmer

Standards for Language Resources.

Nancy Ide, Laurent Romary

Statistical Machine Translation on Paraphrased Corpora.

Taro Watanabe, Mitsuo Shimohata, Eiichiro Sumita

Study and quantification of the declination for the Arabic speech synthesis system PARADIS. 

A. Benabbou, N. Chenfour, A. Mouradi

Subcategorization Acquisition as an Evaluation Method for WSD.

Judita Preiss, Anna Korhonen, Ted Briscoe

Subject-field-specific Ontologies and Terminologies for the Web Community.

Klaus-Dirk Schmitz

Summarization System Integrated with Named Entity Tagging and IE pattern Discovery.

Chikashi Nobata, Satoshi Sekine, Hitoshi Isahara, Ralph Grishman

Syntactic Analysis in the Spoken Dutch Corpus (CGN).

Ton van der Wouden, Heleen Hoekstra, Michael Moortgat, Bram Renmans, Ineke Schuurman

TableTrans, MultiTrans, InterTrans and TreeTrans: Diverse Tools Built on the Annotation Graph Toolkit.

Steven Bird, Kazuaki Maeda, Xiaoyi Ma, Haejoong Lee, Beth Randall, Salim Zayat

Technical Terminology as a Critical Resource.

James Dowdall, Michael Hess, Neeme Kahusk, Kaarel Kaljurand, Mare Koit, Fabio Rinaldi, Kadri Vider

Terminological Enrichment for non-Interactive MT Evaluation

Marianne Dabbadie, Widad Mustafa El Hadi, Ismaïl Timimi

Terminology Resources in the Context of a Major Translation Project.

Maria Rzewuska

The American National Corpus: More Than the Web Can Provide.

Nancy Ide, Randi Reppen, Keith Suderman

The binomial cumulative distribution function, or, is my system better than yours?.

Barbara Di Eugenio, Michael Glass, Michael J. Scott

The C-ORAL-ROM Project. New methods for spoken language archives in a multilingual romance corpus.

Emanuela Cresti, Massimo Moneglia, Fernanda Bacelar do Nascimento, Antonio Moreno Sandoval, Jean Veronis, Philippe Martin, Kalid Choukri, Valerie Mapelli, Daniele Falavigna, Antonio Cid, Claude Blum

The DASL Project: a Case Study in Data Re-Annotation and Re-Use.

Christopher Cieri, Stephanie Strassel

The feasibility of a complete text corpus.

Primož Jakopin

The FrameNet Database and Software Tools.

Charles J. Fillmore, Collin F. Baker, Hiroaki Sato

The Future of Maltilex.

Michael Rosner

The Greedy Algorithm and its Application to the Construction of a Continuous Speech Database.

Hélèn François, Olivier Boëffard

The Hungarian National Corpus.

Tamás Váradi

The Importance of Evaluation for Cross-Language System Development: the CLEF Experience.

Carol Peters, Martin Braschler

The Language Resource Archive of the 21st Century.

Martin Wynne

The Lexicon-Grammar Balance in Robust Parsing of Italian.

Roberto Bartolini, Alessandro Lenci, Simonetta Montemagni, Vito Pirrelli

The Lexico-semantic Annotation of an Italian Treebank

Nadia Mana, Ornella Corazzari

THE NITE WORKBENCH. A Tool for Annotation of Natural Interactivity and Multimodal Data

Niels Ole Bernsen, Laila Dybkjær, Mykola Kolodnytsky

The Open Language Archives Community

Steven Bird, Hans Uszkoreit, Gary Simons

The Present Status of Speech Database in Japan: Development, Management, and Application to Speech Research.

Hisao Kuwabara, Shuich Itahashi, Mikio Yamamoto, Toshiyuki Takezawa, Satoshi Nakamura, Kazuya Takeda

The Pronouncing Dictionary of Austrian German and the other Major Varieties of German - A Phonetic Resources Database on the Pronunciation of German.

Rudolf Muhr, Robert Hölrdich, Eva Wächter-Kollpache

The Reuters Corpus Volume 1 -from Yesterday's News to Tomorrow's Language Resources.

Tony Rose, Mark Stevenson, Miles Whitehead

The SmartKom Multimodal Corpus at BAS.

Florian Schiel, Silke Steininger, Ulrich Türk

The TASX-environment: an XML-based toolset for time aligned speech corpora

Jan-Torsten Milde, Ulrike Gut

The UNL System.

Jesús Cardeñosa, Edmundo Tovar, Carolina Gallardo

The Use of Referential Constraints in Structuring Discourse.

Violeta Seretan, Dan Cristea

The Valence Patterns of Japanese Verbs Extracted From The EDR Corpus.

Takano Ogino, Hitoshi Isahara, Kazuhiro Kobayashi

The Web as a Resource for Question Answering: Perspectives and Challenges.

Jimmy Lin

Three New Corpora at the Bavarian Archive for Speech Signals – and a First Step Towards Distributed Web-Based Recording.

Christoph Draxler, Florian Schiel

TIDES Language Resources: A Resource Map for Translingual Information Access.

Christopher Cieri, Mark Liberman

Tool for Czech Pronunciation Generation Combining Fixed Rules with Pronunciation Lexicon and Lexicon Management Tool

Petr Pollák, Václav Hanžl

Toward a Broad-coverage Bilingual Corpus for Speech Translation of Travel Conversations in the Real World.

Toshiyuki Takezawa, Eiichiro Sumita, Fumiaki Sugaya, Hirofumi Yamamoto, Seiichi Yamamoto

Toward an objective and generic Method for Spoken Language Understanding Systems Evaluation: an extension of the DCR method.

Mohamed-Zakaria Kurdi, Mohamed Ahafhaf

Towards a Corpus Annotated for Metonymies: the Case of Location Names.

Katja Markert, Malvina Nissim

Towards a large corpus of spoken dialogue in French that will be freely available: the "Parole Publique" project and its first realisations.

Pascale Nicolas, Sabine Letellier-Zarshenas, Igor Schadle, Jean-Yves Antoine, Jean Caelen

Towards a Thesaurus of Predicates.

Satoshi Shirai, Kazuhide Yamamoto, Francis Bond, Hozumi Tanaka

Towards an Ontology for a Human Genome Knowledge Base

Judit Feliu, Jorge Vivaldi, M. Teresa Cabré

Towards Automatic Evaluation of Question/Answering Systems

Bernardo Magnini, Matteo Negri, Roberto Prevete, Hristo Tanev

Towards Best Practice for Multiword Expressions in Computational Lexicons.

Nicoletta Calzolari, Charles J. Fillmore, Ralph Grishman, Nancy Ide, Alessandro Lenci, Catherine MacLeod, Antonio Zampolli

Towards Reusable NLP Components.

Amalia Todirascu, Eric Kow, Laurent Romary

Towards Very Large Ontologies for Medical Language Processing.

Udo Hahn, Stefan Schulz

Transformed Subcategorization Frames in Chunk Parsing.

Leonardo Lesmo, Vincenzo Lombardo

Translation Tracking System: A tool for managing translation archives.

Lynne Bowker, Peter Bennison

Translation Unit Concerning Timing of Simultaneous Translation.

Hideki Kashioka

Translators at work with TRANSTYPE: Resource and Evaluation. 

Philippe Langlais, Marie Loranger, Guy Lapalme

TTS - A Treebank Tool Suite.

Aoife Cahill, Josef van Genabith

Tuning Context Features with Genetic Algorithms.

Irena Spasić, Goran Nenadić, Sophia Ananiadou

UNL Lexical Selection with Conceptual Vectors.

Mathieu Lafourcade, Christian Boitet

Usability Evaluation of a Dutch Multimodal System for Train Timetable Information.

Janienke Sturm, Ilse Bakx, Bert Cranen, Jacques Terken, Fusi Wang

Use of XML and Relational Databases for Consistent Development and Maintenance of Lexicons and Annotated Corpora.

Masayuki Asahara, Ryuichi Yoneda, Akiko Yamashita, Yasuharu Den, Yuji Matsumoto

User-State Labeling Procedures For The Multimodal Data Collection Of SmartKom.

Silke Steininger, Florian Schiel, Angelika Glesner

Using Descriptive Generalisations in the Acquisition of Lexical Data for Word Formation.

Ulrich Heid, Bettina Säuberlich, Arne Fitschen

Using Grammatical Description as a Metalanguage Resource.

F. de Vriend, P.A. Coppen, W. Haeseryn

Using Parallel Corpora to enrich Multilingual Lexical Resources.

Dominic Widdows, Beate Dorow, Chiu-Ki Chan

Using the Annotated Bibliography as a Resource for Indicative Summarization.

Min-Yen Kan, Judith L. Klavans, Kathleen R. McKeown

Using the Spoken Dutch Corpus for type-logical grammar induction.

Michael Moortgat, Richard Moot

Using the Text Corpus to Create a Comprehensive List of Phrasal Verbs

Heiki-Jaan Kaalep, Kadri Muischnek

Using the Web as a Linguistic Resource for Learning Reformulations Automatically.

Florence Duclaye, François Yvon, Olivier Collin

Valency Dictionary of Czech Verbs: Complex Tectogrammatical Annotation.

Markéta Straňáková-Lopatková, Zdenĕk Žabokrtský

VIQTORYA -- A Visual Query Tool for Syntactically Annotated Corpora

Ilona Steiner, Laura Kallmeyer

Webaffix: Discovering Morphological Links on the WWW.

Nabil Hathout, Ludovic Tanguy

Which way should we go? Metaphoric expressions in lexical resources.

Antonietta Alonge, Margherita Castelli

Word Formation and the Validation of Lexical Resources.

Pius ten Hacken

Word Segmentation in the Spoken Dutch Corpus.

Jean-Pierre Martens, Diana Binnenpoorte, Kris Demuynck, Ruben Van Parys, Tom Laureys, Wim Goedertier, Jacques Duchateau

Word Sense Disambiguation using Statistical Models and WordNet.

Antonio Molina, Ferran Pla, Encarna Segarra, Lidia Moreno

Word Sense Disambiguation with Information Retrieval Technique.

Jong-Hoon Oh, Saim Shin, Yong-Seok Choi, Key-Sun Choi

XQuery as an Annotation Query Language: a Use Case Analysis.

Steve Cassidy

YAC - A Recursive Chunker for Unrestricted German Text.

Hannah Kermes, Stefan Evert